Paris is the capital and most populous city of France and is the second most expensive city in the world to live. The Paris Métro is one of the world’s largest public transport networks. It has a network of 16 lines and 303 stations. Paris is especially known for its museums and architectural landmarks. The historical district along the Seine in the city center is classified as a UNESCO Heritage Site, and popular landmarks there included the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris on the Île de la Cité, the Eiffel Tower, constructed for the Paris Universal Exposition of 1889; Petit Palais, built for the Paris Universal Exposition of 190o. The Arc de Triomphe on the Champs-Élysées is the axis of Paris runs from the Louvre through the Tuileries Garden, the Luxor Column in the Place de la Concorde.
Notre Dame Cathedral
The Cathedral of Notre Dame is one of Paris’ most famous landmarks. Construction of the Catholic cathedral began in 1163, but was not completed until 1345. The cathedral was the venue for the coronation of Henry VI in 1431 and Napoleon I in 1804. Notre Dame was desecrated during the turbulent French Revolution (1789-1799) The cathedral’s enormous bells sparked a chorus of chimes throughout the city to celebrate the Liberation of Paris towards the end of World War II. For a small entry fee you can climb the 387 steps up to the top of the towers for a truly magnificent view of Paris, as well as a close-up look at Notre Dame’s famous gargoyles.
The Eiffel Tower is the tallest structure in Paris and one of the city’s most popular tourist attractions. The tower was originally built for the 1889 World’s Fair in Paris. There are 1,665 steps from the East pillar to the top. The 2nd floor is 115 meters (377 feet) above ground and is an ideal spot for snapping unforgettable holiday photos. The floor also features a souvenir shops and The Jules Verne restaurant. Three elevators located at the North, East and West pillars of the tower can take you to both the 1st and 2nd floors. Le Jules Verne is run by Michelin-starred chef Alain Ducasse. The five-course dinner menu costs about €115 per person, excluding wine. Ice-skating on the first floor of the Eiffel Tower is one of those magical memories.
Paris has been famous for its restaurants and haute cuisine. Today, every French regional cuisine and almost every national cuisine in the world can be found there. The Michelin Guide has been a standard guide to French restaurants since 1900. Paris has several other kinds of traditional eating places. The café arrived in Paris in the 17th century, when the beverage was first brought from Turkey. By the 18th century Parisian cafés were centers of the city’s political and cultural life. A bistro is a type of eating place loosely defined as a neighborhood restaurant with a modest décor and prices and a regular clientele.
Louvre Art Museum
The Louvre is the world’s largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France. Approximately 38,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 782,910 square feet. The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace, originally built as a fortress in the 12th to 13th century. The fortress eventually lost its defensive function, and in 1546 Francis I converted it into the primary residence of the French Kings. In 1682, Louis XIV chose the Palace of Versailles for his household. The museum opened on 10 August 1793 with an exhibition of 537 paintings. The collection was increased under Napoleon and the museum was renamed Musée Napoléon. Running along the Seine River from the Louvre Museum to the Place de la Concorde, the Jardin des Tuileries is one of Paris’ most elegant gardens. With grand promenades, formal French gardens, beautiful sculptures, two large ponds and lots of benches, it is a wonderful spot to relax with your family and friends while savoring the charms of the Parisian lifestyle.
The Petit Palais
Petit Palais was built for the 1900 Exposition Universelle “universal exhibition”, it now houses the City of Paris Museum of Fine Arts. The museum displays paintings by painters such as Rembrandt, Rubens, Nicolas Poussin, Claude Gellée, Fragonard, Hubert Robert, Greuze and a remarkable collection of 19th-century painting and sculpture. The exhibits are divided into sections: the Dutuit Collection of medieval and Renaissance paintings, drawings and objets d’art; the Tuck Collection of 18th century furniture. There is also a relatively small but important collection of ancient Greek and Roman art.
The Arc de Triomphe was built to celebrate Napoleon’s victory at Austerlitz in 1806. Today it honors the soldiers who fought and died in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and World War I. Inspired by the Arch of Titus in Rome. Beneath its vault lies the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. The Avenue des Champs-Élysées is 1.2 miles long and 230 feet wide. The name is French for the Elysian Fields, the place for dead heroes in Greek mythology. It is known for its theatres, cafés, and luxury shops, for the annual Bastille Day military parade, and as the finish of the Tour de France cycling race.
Place de la Concorde
The Place de la Concorde is one of the major public squares in Paris, France. It is located in the city’s eighth arrondissement, at the eastern end of the Champs-Élysées. The center of the Place is occupied by a giant Egyptian obelisk decorated with hieroglyphics exalting the reign of the pharaoh Ramesses II. The obelisk, a yellow granite column, is 75 feet high. It is flanked on both sides by fountains. The north fountain is devoted to the Rivers, with allegorical figures representing the Rhone and the Rhine, the arts of the harvesting of flowers and fruits. The south fountain, closer to the Seine, represents the Atlantic and the Mediterranean; harvesting coral; harvesting fish; collecting shellfish; collecting pearls.