Seville located in Spain’s Andalusia region is about 50 miles from the Atlantic Ocean and is situated on the lower reaches of the River Guadalquivir, in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. This 2,200 year old historic city founded by Rome contains three UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Alcázar palace complex, the Cathedral and the General Archive of the Indies. The walls surrounding Seville city were originally built during the rule of Julius Caesar, but their current course and design were the result of Moorish reconstructions. Modern day Seville’s historic heritage is reflected with an intoxicating mix of palaces, baroque churches and winding medieval lanes.
The Alcázar of Seville a royal palace which was built by the Moorish rulers who occupied the peninsula from the 8th century onwards. After being reclaimed by the Catholic conquests in Spain during the 14th century, Seville’s Alcázar underwent major changes to serve new Christian monarchs. The Patio de Yeso, the Sala de Justicia, the Patio del Crucero and the Patio de la Casa de Contratación is all that remains today of the Alcázar’s original Islamic style. A tour of the palace is a wondrous walk through exotic Arabian architecture with ornate architecture, intricate designed ceramic tiles, beautiful lush gardens. The gardens filled with the scent of roses, orange trees, and visions of beautiful fountains were often used as a location for The Game of Thrones.
Seville Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral and the largest Gothic church in the world. It was constructed on the site of a former mosque which had been erected by the Moors who conquered the Iberian peninsula from the 8th century onwards. Sheer size and grandeur are the chief characteristics of the Cathedral, its central nave rises to an awe-inspiring 42 meters and even the 80 side chapels each seem tall enough to contain an ordinary church. Today the cathedral is the most popular site in Seville, attracting over one million visitors each year, and remains an important place of Christian worship and community.
Library of The New World Conquest
General Archive of the Indies located inside the former Casa Lonja de Mercaderes, or Merchants’ Exchange is the repository of extremely valuable archival documents illustrating the history of the Spanish Empire in the Americas and the Philippines. The archives are filled with historic manuscripts from the journals of Christopher Columbus, maps and plans of the colonial American cities, to the list of riches obtained by the Conquistadores in the New World. The edifice was designed by Juan de Herrera and is a fine example of Spanish Renaissance style, including a large central patio surrounded by two stories.